Some plant biologists want to see them that way; others continue to insist on a Darwinian view.
When Wallace broke with Charles Darwin in 1869, it was over the nature of human beings.
This crisis has converged with two other currents of change with the surprising result that alternatives to physicalism are now taken seriously.
Cells are intelligent, in a way. But that fact is a much better argument for intelligent design than for the idea that the human intellect is insignificant.
Taken as a totality, they make “zero sense in the context” of classic evolutionary theory.